Regional Agricultural Biotechnology Network
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Regional Agricultural Biotechnology Network - User Manual .    NE2012000654  2012;
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Biotechnologies for Agricultural Development .    NE2012000664  2010;
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This book represents the proceedings of the FAO international technical conference dedicated to Agricultural Biotechnologies in Developing Countries (ABDC-10) that took place in Guadalajara, Mexico on 1-4 March 2010. A major objective of the conference was to take stock of the application of biotechnologies across the different food and agricultural sectors in developing countries, in order to learn from the past and to identify options for the future to face the challenges of food insecurity, climate change and natural resource degradation. The proceedings are organized in two main sections. The first section contains ten chapters with an extensive series of FAO background documents prepared before ABDC-10. They focus on the current status and options for biotechnologies in developing countries in crops, livestock, forestry, fisheries/aquaculture and food processing/safety, as well as on related policy issues and options, in particular about targeting agricultural biotechnologies to the poor; enabling research and development (R&D) for agricultural biotechnologies; and ensuring access to the benefits of R&D. The second section contains five chapters dedicated to the outcomes of ABDC-10, namely the reports from 27 parallel sessions of sectoral, cross-sectoral and regional interest, most of which were organized by different intergovernmental and nongovernmental organizations and regional fora; keynote presentations; and the conference report adopted by delegates in Guadalajara on the final day.;
Bulidings biosafety capacities: FAO's experience and outlook .    QA2012990804  2009;
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This study is the result of the in-depth review of FAO’s capacity building activities in biosafety. It provides a general presentation of FAO’s conceptual framework on biosafety – the FAO Biosecurity framework – and illustrates the portfolio of past and current biosafety projects at national, regional and global level, together with their structure, components and financing modality.This publication is expected not only to contribute to planning FAO future activities in this area, but also to provide strategic inputs to the formulation of shared biosafety capacity building strategies at the global level, in line with the Cartagena Protocol and other related international instruments. ;
Developing practical protocols for micropropagation of some important pistachio commercial cultivars and 2 selected male varieties. .    IR2009000119  2008;
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<![CDATA[In this project different stages of micropropagation including surface sterilization, culture establishment, shoot proliferation, rooting, transfering to in vivo conditions and acclimatization of 6 pistachio varieties were optimized in the Department of Tissue Culture and Gene Transformation of Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute of Iran (ABRII). Suitable strategies to overcome encountered propagation problems including shoot proliferation and rooting were investigated. Plant materials used in this project were both in vitro-germinated seeds and actively-growing healthy current-year twigs from adult trees (15 – 20 years old) of 4 pistachio commercial cultivars (Owhadi, Kalleh Ghoochi, Akbary and Ahmad Aghaii) and 2 male varieties (R-31 and R-20), all supplied by Iranian Pistachio Research Institute (Rafsanjan, Kerman Province). Experiments carried out using twigs in all of the mentioned cultivars showed little or no success in culture establishment due to severe internal contamination and phenolic exudation from the explants. Only a few explants slowly responded. Frequent subculturing every 2-3 days within the first two weeks after initial culture did reduce the phenolic exudation problem but most of the explants did not respond to shoot induction treatments and remained inactive for long time (about 4 months). Severe heading and pruning of the donor trees was carried out in the winter and the young shoots in the spring season were used but this also had little success. However, it was possible to establish cultures from Owhadi and R-31 and shoot proliferation and rooting stages were optimized for them. DKW basal culture medium with doubled concentration of FeNa2EDTA supplemented with B5 vitamins and 2 mg/L BAP was the best medium composition for shoot proliferation of Owhadi and R-31 cultivars. For rooting, a modified MS medium (half strength of its macro and micro elements and normal concentration of FeNa2EDTA) supplemented with 2.5 mg/L NAA and 0.1 mg/L IBA gave the best results. Meanwhile, micropropagation cultures were established quite successfully using in vitro-grown young seedlings of 4 commercial cultivars.]]>;
Detection of milk specie source using molecular techniques. .    IR2010000198  2008;
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Cow milk is prevalent type of produced milk in the world and its price is lower than other farm ruminants. Therefore, it is adulterated with goat, buffalo and ewe milk. For detecting milk type in dairy products, various methods were used. One of them was using the somatic cells as a template DNA source. In this study, milk samples of above species obtained and mixed in with under different ratio. Mitochondrial DNA was extracted from 200 µl Milk samples or Dairy products. Gel monitoring and spectrophotometeric methods were used for determination of DNA quality and quantity. Primers from Mitochondrion Sequence and then different length of Cytochrome b gene designed. Products of amplification were recognized by electrophoresis on 2٪ agarose gel stained with ethidium bromide. The bands 124, 330, 472 and 585 bp were explanated for buffalo, goat, cattle and sheep, respectively. Observation of each band showed possibility to detect the specie in milk mixture. It was simply possible to detect 10٪ of defraud in milk and its product.;
Transformation of Rice Using Choline Oxidase Gene (Glycine Betaine Synthesizer) to enhance salt tolerance. .    IR2009000323  2007;
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[Genetic engineering and our genetic future] .    SY2005000141  (2005);
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Usage of biotechnology for toxicity evaluation of a pest control agent .    EG2005000927  2004;
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Evaluation the efficiency of produced Biofertilizer from local Rhizobacteria paddy conditions. .    IR2006000117  2003;
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A number of biological, healthy and economic problems concerning the consumption of chemical fertilizers caused the use of biological Nitrogen fixing (BNF) process has been taking into account by some researchers.Therefore they are interested to the use of biological Nitrogen fixing process that are taking place by some life (precariots) which lived in plant root rhizosphere.These can obtain Nitrogen for plant and moreover, they have the ability to produce some kinds of Growth Hormones, Vitamins, Antibiotics and Amino-Acids. So they are called Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria or PGPR. Some studies and researches have been conducted in this area in order to produce biofertilizers for paddy soils in Rice Research Institute of Iran and Agricultural Biotechnology Research Institute since 1375. These studies led to access four useful and appropriate strains in order to produce biofertilizers. This research project is carried out under field conditions in 1381 in order to evaluate the biofertilizers’ efficiency produced from PGPR resources.The findings have shown that the local strains which isolated from Iran paddy soils have more efficiency than some foreign standard species of PGPR.;
Application of Biotechnology on ornamental plants .    IR2008003073  2003;
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<![CDATA[Ornamental plants are very important today and different Biotechnology methods usage for micropropagation, free virus plant, breeding and Introduction of new variety is increasing day by day. These methods are included using from different technique of tissue culture for propagation, meristem culture, in vitro pollination and fertilization, embryo rescue, in vitro mutation, cell suspension and selection, somatic hybridization, cryopreservation, in vitro flowering, also using from different methods of genetic transformation shuch as agrobacterium with bacterial genes in Petunia, Carnation, Snapdragon, Chrysanthemum and Lisianthus or engineering genes in Anthurium, Rose, Tulip, Lilium, Gerbera, Snapdragon, Carnation, Gladiolus and some other flower and particle bombardment in Orchid, Tulip, Lisianthus and Lily for creation of new traits such as new color, resistance to pest and disease, increasing of cut flower longevity has reported, also molecular method are used for the cultivars identification and protection of breeder rights in Carnation, Rose, Gerbera, Chrysanthemum, Rhododendron and Lilac have increased.]]>;
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